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Healthy Eating

All mums want to give their kids the best nutrition throughout the day, but knowing how to do that without giving into quick fixes of empty calories can be challenging at times.  Now that your child is three, he should be able to comfortably navigate many of the same foods you eat—the key is giving him smaller portion sizes at meals and snacks throughout the day, to fuel his high energy needs.  Below are some tips for feeding your pre-schooler, remember let your own preferences and child’s appetite be the guide.

 

Things to know about feeding 3-year olds:
  • Compared to infancy or the toddler years, 3-year olds have smaller stomachs and lower energy needs relative to their size.

  • They tend to get full on a small amount of food; allow them to follow their hunger/satiety cues.

  • At this age, they are not swayed by portion sizes of healthy foods and stop eating when full. But new research shows that when 3 year olds are given foods high in sugar, fat and salt, they can overeat, so portion control these foods and let your child follow hunger cues of more nutritional foods.

    Foods to Choose

  • It’s time to switch to skimmed or 1% milk; fat can come from other sources like olive oil, nuts, and occasional full-fat cheeses.

  • Strive to make half your grains whole. Children need a balance of nutrients, but don’t need to get every nutrient at every meal—or even every day.  Look at the big picture, offer a variety of foods, and make meals pleasant by focusing on family, not food.

  • Since their small stomachs don’t allow them to eat big portions, they need foods that pack in a lot of nutrients.  Foods like sweet potatoes and nuts are full of essential nutrients and give your child lots of energy.

    Feeding Tips

  • Plan regular meals and snacks with a variety of foods, and let children eat how much or how little they want; offering regular, planned meals can keep you from becoming a short-order cook and your child from becoming a picky eater.

  • Eat with your child and model positive eating, from table manners to enjoying food; focus on enjoying family meals together, not what your child is or isn’t eating.

  • Have your 3-year old help out in the kitchen.  Helping to cook—stirring pancake batter, count vegetables for a recipe—and clean up—wiping tables—develops useful skills and a sense of accomplishment. Many preschool ages kids can use a plastic knife to help cut bread or softer vegetables, like squash.

  • Bring foods to the table in serving bowls and have your pre-schooler serve himself or ask him how much he wants on his plate if you serve it to him.

    Although you should aim to make fruits and vegetables a part of each meal, remember whole grains, protein, and fat are all necessary parts of any diet, including your growing child’s.  Follow his hunger cues and remember, children of this age fill up quickly, so don’t be afraid to give them nutrient-dense foods. Steer clear of overly rigid definitions of “healthy”—3-year olds are not little adults!

     

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